Thyroid Awareness Month
Jan 27, 2015
January is national thyroid awareness month. Thyroid disease affects as many as 30 million Americans, according to the American College of Endocrinology.
What is the thyroid?
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in front of the neck, below the Adam’s apple. The thyroid gland produces hormones that control how the body functions – including heart rate, cholesterol level, body weight, energy level, muscle strength, skin condition and vision.
If your thyroid is not functioning properly, it can produce too much hormone (hyperthyroidism or “overactive” thyroid) or too little hormone (hypothyroidism or “underactive” thyroid).
Thyroid nodules are another type of thyroid disorder. The thyroid gland’s tissues can overgrow, forming a lump (nodule). Although most nodules are harmless, a small portion of thyroid nodules are cancerous, according to the American Cancer Association.
If you have signs and symptoms of a thyroid disease, your doctor will most likely have your thyroid levels checked with a blood test. If further testing is needed, Suburban Imaging has multiple options available.
An ultrasound can determine if a lump in the neck is from the thyroid or another structure, if the nodule looks cancerous, or if a nodule has grown in size.
If an area of the thyroid looks abnormal, a biopsy can be performed using ultrasound guidance.
Thyroid Uptake and Scan
A Thyroid Uptake and Scan is a nuclear medicine exam used to evaluate the function of the thyroid and can detect abnormalities.
Thyroid Whole Body Scan
If you had thyroid cancer and had your thyroid removed, this type of nuclear medicine scan looks to see if there is any remaining thyroid tissue in the body.